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Cardiac Surgery


Dr. Malcolm MacDonald

The Cardiothoracic Surgery Program provides the highest quality comprehensive intraoperative and post-operative care. The Cardiothoracic Surgery team is part of the Northern California regional congenital heart program affiliated with Stanford University. Each year, surgeons in the program perform over 1,000 cardiothoracic operations which include the full spectrum of closed and open heart procedures. These include the simple and most complex repairs for newborns, infants, children, teenagers, and young adults. At Children’s, two pediatric cardiac surgeons work closely with cardiac pediatric anesthesiologists and pediatric intensive care physicians. The outcomes of the cardiothoracic surgery team at Children’s compares favorably to other major pediatric cardiothoracic surgery programs.

CT Surgical Expertise

Pediatric and congenital cardiovascular surgical procedures include routine operations for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) and Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) as well as complex procedures including unifocalization, truncus repair, single ventricular repair, Norwood operations and Fontan operations.




Multidisciplinary Services

  • We work closely with Pediatric Intensivists in the Intensive Care Units for
    children with severe congenital heart disease.
  • We work closely with Children's cardiac Pediatric Anesthesiologists
    who do the anesthesia for the Heart Center patients.

Diagnostic Methods

  • Physical examination
  • EKG
  • Echo
  • CT
  • CT angiogram (CTA)
  • MRI